Much of the data found on this site is based on flag specifications, publications, research of United States & Confederate States of America Government publications, archives and museums, preserved in the files of the Catawba Vexillologist, established and managed by Piedmont Flag Company. Further valuable information has been extracted from hundreds of articles published in vexillological books and journals.

The following are important sources of vexillological knowledge and contain information on the particular flags on this web site. The publications are listed in no particular order, all are important sources of vexillological information:

Standards and Colors of the American Revolution, 1982 Edward W. Richardson.
History of the Flag of the United States of America, 1880 GEO. Henry Preble
Our Country A Household History, 1877 Benson J. Lossing, LL.D.
Official Records of the Union And Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion, 1894 \ 1927 The Hon. Edwin Denby, Secretary of the Navy
The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, 1881 \ 1901 United States War Department, Washington Printing Office
Civil War Journal, The Legacies, 1999 Rutledge Hill Press
The Flag Book of the United States, 1970, Whitney Smith
The Flag of the United States, 1942, Milo Milton Quaife
The Army of the American Revolution and its Organizer, 1923, R. Cronau
The Cherokee, 1949, Theda Perdue
North Carolina During Reconstruction, 1969, Richard L. Zuber
The National Geographic Magazine, 1917, 1934,1946, 1949,1951
Military Flags of the World, 1618-1900, Terence Wise 1977
Battle Flag Day August 10, 1894, report of the Battle Flag Committee, Iowa Battle Flags 1896
Flags of the Confederacy, 1993, Earl P. Williams, Jr.
The Flag Book, 1957, Preben Kannik
Flags of the World Past and Present, 1915, W.J. Gordon
Flags at Sea, 1986, Timothy Wilson
Standards, Guidons and Colours of the Commonwealth Forces, 1953, Major T. J. Edwards
United States Army Heraldic Crests, 1993, Barry Jason Stein
Under the Black Flag, 1995, David Cordingly
Confederate Indian Forces Outside of Indian Territory, 1969, Oklahoma Historical Society
A Manual of Military Surgery, 1861, J.Julian Chisolm,MD
The Encyclopedia of Military History, 1970, R. Ernest Dupuy and Trevor N. Dupuy
The Damned Red Flags of the Rebellion, 1997, Richard Rollins
Flags of the Native Peoples of the United States, 1996-1997,Donald T. Healy
The Flags of the Iron Brigade, 1997, Howard Michael Madaus and Richard H. Zeitlin
Flags of the Civil War, 2000, Philip Katcher
The Returned Battle Flags, 1905, Confederate Veterans Reunion, compliments of the Passenger Department Cotton Belt Route
Long May it Wave, 1998, Dr. Whitney Smith
Rebel Flags Afloat, 1986, H. Michael Madaus
The Battle Flags of the Confederate Army of Tennessee, 1976, Howard Michael Madaus
Emblems of Southern Valor, 1990, Joseph H. Crute, Jr.
Advance the Colors, 1987, Richard A Sauers
Brothers In Arms, 1995, William C. Davis
Battle Flags of Texas in the Confederacy, 1995, Alan K. Sumrall
Men of Color, 1993, William A. Gladstone
The Flags of Civil War Alabama, 2001, Glen Dedmondt
The Flags of the Union, 1994, Devereaux D. Cannon, Jr.
The Flags of Civil War South Carolina, 2000, Glenn Dedmondt
The Flags of the Confederacy, 1994, Devereaux D Cannon, Jr.
The World Encyclopedia of Flags, 1999, Alfred Znamierowski
The Stars and the Stripes, 1973, Boleslaw And Marie-Louise D'Otrange Mastai
Flags, 1992, Kent Alexander, Dr. Whitney Smith
Flags of the World, 1995, PRC Publishing Ltd
A History of Irish Flags, 1979, G A Hayes-McCoy
Flag, 1989, William Crampton
Mexican-American War 1846-48, 1997, Ron Field
The Mexican War, 1978, David Nevin
Flags and Arms across the World, 1980, Whitney Smith
Flag Lore of all Nations, 2001, Whitney Smith, Ph.D.
Flags Through The Ages and Across The World, 1975, Dr. Whitney Smith
The Colors of the United States Army, 1789-1912, Gherardi Davis, 1912
Two Wars, The Confederate Veteran, 1901 General Samuel French
Scottish Clan & Family Encyclopedia, 1994, George Way of Plean and Romilly Squire

Other data gathered from the following institutions and collections, private and public:
American Revolution and War of 1812
Albany Institute of History and art
Alexandria-Washington Masonic Lodge
Bennington Museum
Chicago Historical Society
Christie's of London, England
Connecticut Historical Society & State Library
Delaware Art Museum
Delaware Historical Society
Harvard University
Pennsylvania Historical Society
Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.
Maryland Historical Society
Massachusetts Historical Society
New Hampshire Historical Society
New York Historical Society
North Carolina Archives
Rhode Island Historical Society
Valley Forge Historical Society
West Point Military Museum
Smithsonian Institute
Yale University

Mexican-American War
National Archives
Library of Congress
New York State Archives
Duke University
Wisconsin State Historical Society
Mississippi State Archives And History
North Carolina State Archives

War of Northern Aggression 1861-65
Confederate Military History, Confederate Publishing Company, 1899, Clement A. Evans
Foreigners in the Confederacy, 1940, Ella Lonn
North Carolina Department of History And Archives
National Archives
Connecticut Historical Society
Georgia Historical Society
Confederate Memorial Hall, Louisiana
Mississippi State Historical Society
New York State Museum
North Carolina Museum of History
Gettysburg National Military Museum
Confederate Relic Room And Museum, South Carolina
Museum of the Confederacy, Virginia
National Museum of American History, Washington, D.C.
The National Park Service and State Archives of the State of Florida, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Texas, Arkansas, Missouri, Kansas, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, West Virginia, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Maryland, Delaware, New Jersey, New York, Maryland, Michigan, Wisconsin, Oklahoma, New Mexico, Maine, Vermont, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut.